Makar Sankranti 2024: Celebrating the Transition of Seasons

When the Sun enters from one zodiac sign to another, this event is called Sankranti in astrology. The festival of Sankranti comes every month but Makar Sankranti of Magh month is the most important. On this day the Sun leaves Sagittarius and enters Capricorn. The Sun becomes Uttarayan only from Makar Sankranti. Let us know when is Makar Sankranti in the year 2024, the time and importance of bathing and donation.

Importance of Makar Sankranti

Makar Sankranti, also known as Maghi, is one of the most celebrated festivals in India. It marks the transition of the Sun into Capricorn, also known as Makar in Hindi. This festival is celebrated with great enthusiasm and excitement throughout the country and has immense cultural and spiritual significance. In this blog post, we will explore the various aspects of Makar Sankranti, its traditions and how to celebrate it in 2024.

Makar Sankranti 2024 date:

In the year 2024, Makar Sankranti will be celebrated on 15 January 2024. Those who worship the Sun after taking bath in the holy river on this day are blessed with health, wealth, happiness, prosperity and prosperity. Inexhaustible virtue. The festival of Makar Sankranti is celebrated with great pomp all over India.

Makar sankranti 2024 auspicious time.

According to the calendar, in the year 2024, the Sun will leave Sagittarius and enter Capricorn on January 15, 2024 at 02:54 am. Will do.Makar Sankranti Punyakal Muhurat – 07:15 AM – 05:46 PM (15 January 2024).

Makar Sankranti Maha Punyakaal

07:15 AM – 09:00 AM (15 January 2024) Significance of Makar Sankranti Day: During this time, Sun enters the zodiac sign of its son Saturn, Capricorn. It is believed that on the day of Makar Sakranti, taking bath by mixing black sesame seeds and Ganga water in water removes the planetary defects of the horoscope. One receives blessings from both Sun and Saturn. From the day of Makar Sankranti, the sun moves towards the north, during this time the sun shines more. This is the reason why worshiping the Sun on Makar Sankranti brings respect, wealth and health. It is said that those who donate jaggery, food, clothes, black sesame, khichdi etc. on this day attain salvation.

This festival is also known by different names in different parts of India. In the northern states it is called Makar Sankranti, while in southern India it is known as Pongal. In Punjab it is celebrated as Lohri and in Assam it is called Bhogali Bihu. Despite these regional variations, the underlying essence of the festival is the same – a celebration of the harvest season and the renewal of life.

Celebrating makar sankranti:

Makar Sankranti is considered the beginning of good days on earth. The day of the gods starts with Uttarayan of the Sun. According to religious beliefs, the gates of heaven open on the day of Makar Sankranti, hence donations made on this day are more fruitful than donations made on other days. Pongal festival is also celebrated on this day.

Flying kite

One of the most revered and joyful traditions associated with Makar Sankranti is kite flying. In states like Gujarat and Rajasthan it is a major part of the celebrations. The sky becomes a colorful canvas as people of all ages come to their rooftops to fly kites. The thrill of cutting the opponent’s kite string and the joy of seeing your kite flying high into the sky creates a vibrant atmosphere during the festival.

Traditional foods

Food plays a central role in the Makar Sankranti festival. Traditional dishes made from newly harvested crops are prepared with great care and shared with family and friends. In North India, the festival is incomplete without the offering of sesame and jaggery sweets, called “til-jaggery”. In the South, people enjoy delicacies like Pongal, a dish made of rice and lentils and sugarcane, symbolizing the sweetness of life.


In the northern regions of India, especially Punjab, Makar Sankranti is celebrated as Lohri. Bonfires are lit, and people gather to sing folk songs, perform traditional dances, and put offerings into the fire. This ritual symbolizes saying goodbye to the long, cold nights and welcoming the warmth of the sun.

Holy dip

Taking a dip in holy rivers and ponds is an essential part of Makar Sankranti, as it is believed to purify the soul and bring good luck. River Ganga, especially in places like Varanasi and Allahabad, sees huge crowds of devotees coming to bathe and offer prayers.

Give to the needy

Makar Sankranti also emphasizes the importance of giving to the less fortunate. During this period, donating clothes, food and other essential things to the needy is considered an act of virtue. It promotes compassion and a sense of community.

Cultural programme

Cultural programs, fairs and exhibitions will be organized across the country to celebrate Makar Sankranti. These events often include folk music, dance performances, art exhibitions and traditional crafts. This is a wonderful opportunity to immerse yourself in the rich cultural image of India.

Regional variations

Makar Sankranti is celebrated across India with unique regional variations. Let us know about some specific traditions of different states:


Makar Sankranti is a major festival in Gujarat. People engage in competitive kite flying and exchange greetings with “Uttarayan Nee Vaadi” (Happy Makar Sankranti) as they celebrate the arrival of longer days. The International Kite Festival in Ahmedabad attracts kite flyers and enthusiasts from all over the world.


Rajasthan is famous for the grand celebration of Makar Sankranti. The “International Kite Festival” in Jaipur is a spectacular event, featuring kite flying competitions and cultural performances. The sky is decorated with kites of different shapes and sizes, making it a wonderful sight.


In Maharashtra, people exchange til-gul (sweets made of sesame seeds and jaggery) saying “Tilgul ghya, gode gode bola”, which means, “Accept these sweets and speak sweet words.” People wear traditional attire and participate in cultural programs and fairs.

Tamil Nadu

Pongal, known as Makar Sankranti in Tamil Nadu, is a four-day harvest festival. The festival begins with Bhogi Pongal, followed by Surya Pongal, Mattu Pongal (dedicated to cattle) and Kannam Pongal. Each day has its own significance and customs, making it a unique and elaborate celebration.


Lohri is celebrated with great pomp in Punjab. Huge bonfires are lit and people dance to the beat of drums. Delicious dishes like sarson da saag and makki di roti are enjoyed, and children go from door to door singing traditional songs and asking for Lohri gifts.


Bhogali Bihu, the Assamese version of Makar Sankranti, is marked by community feasts, traditional Bihu dances and construction of temporary huts called “Mejis”. During the festival people exchange traditional Assamese sweets like Pitha and Larus.

Astronomical significance

Makar Sankranti has a strong astronomical basis. This occurs when the Sun shifts from the Tropic of Cancer (Dakshinayan) to the Tropic of Capricorn (Uttarayan). This change is a significant moment in the Hindu calendar, and marks the beginning of a six-month period during which the Sun moves north, bringing longer and warmer days.

The significance of this astronomical event goes beyond cultural and religious aspects. This is the time when the Earth’s axis tilts away from the Sun, resulting in the winter solstice. As the sun begins its journey north, it brings the promise of spring and a new agricultural season.

Spiritual aspect

Makar Sankranti is not just a celebration of nature and harvest; It also has spiritual importance. Hindus believe that the sun god, Surya, blesses the earth during this time, bringing light and warmth. Many devotees offer prayers to the Sun God and take a holy dip in rivers and ponds as a sign of gratitude and purification.

The festival is also associated with the concept of “Uttarayan Punyakalam”, a period considered highly auspicious for spiritual practices and self-realization.

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